No group was harder hit than African Americans, however.
Visit Website Did you know? As early asin his memoir and propaganda tract "Mein Kampf" My StruggleAdolf Hitler had predicted a general European war that would result in "the extermination of the Jewish race in Germany.
In the mids, he began the rearmament of Germany, secretly and in violation of the Versailles Treaty.
After signing alliances with Italy and Japan against the Soviet UnionHitler sent troops to occupy Austria in and the following year annexed Czechoslovakia. Hitler had long planned an invasion of Poland, a nation to which Great Britain and France had guaranteed military support if it was attacked by Germany.
The pact with Stalin meant that Hitler would not face a war on two fronts once he invaded Poland, and would have Soviet assistance in conquering and dividing the nation itself. On September 17, Soviet troops invaded Poland from the east. Under attack from both sides, Poland fell quickly, and by early Germany and the Soviet Union had divided control over the nation, according to a secret protocol appended to the Nonaggression Pact.
In fact, the Germans broke through the line with their tanks and planes and continued to the rear, rendering it useless.
Hitler now turned his attention to Britain, which had the defensive advantage of being separated from the Continent by the English Channel. To pave the way for an amphibious invasion dubbed Operation Sea LionGerman planes bombed Britain extensively throughout the summer ofincluding night raids on London and other industrial centers that caused heavy civilian casualties and damage.
Arguments between Hitler and his commanders delayed the next German advance until October, when it was stalled by a Soviet counteroffensive and the onset of harsh winter weather. World War II in the Pacific With Britain facing Germany in Europe, the United States was the only nation capable of combating Japanese aggression, which by late included an expansion of its ongoing war with China and the seizure of European colonial holdings in the Far East.
On December 7,Japanese aircraft attacked the major U. Germany and the other Axis Powers promptly declared war on the United States. After a long string of Japanese victories, the U. Pacific Fleet won the Battle of Midway in Junewhich proved to be a turning point in the war.
On Guadalcanal, one of the southern Solomon Islands, the Allies also had success against Japanese forces in a series of battles from August to Februaryhelping turn the tide further in the Pacific.
In mid, Allied naval forces began an aggressive counterattack against Japan, involving a series of amphibious assaults on key Japanese-held islands in the Pacific. The approach of winter, along with dwindling food and medical supplies, spelled the end for German troops there, and the last of them surrendered on January 31, Soviet troops soon advanced into Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania, while Hitler gathered his forces to drive the Americans and British back from Germany in the Battle of the Bulge December Januarythe last major German offensive of the war.
An intensive aerial bombardment in February preceded the Allied land invasion of Germany, and by the time Germany formally surrendered on May 8, Soviet forces had occupied much of the country. Hitler was already dead, having committed suicide on April 30 in his Berlin bunker.
Post-war Germany would be divided into four occupation zones, to be controlled by the Soviet Union, Britain, the United States and France. Heavy casualties sustained in the campaigns at Iwo Jima February and Okinawa April-Juneand fears of the even costlier land invasion of Japan led Truman to authorize the use of a new and devastating weapon—the atomic bomb—on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in early August.
On August 10, the Japanese government issued a statement declaring they would accept the terms of the Potsdam Declaration, and on September 2, U. World War II proved to be the most devastating international conflict in history, taking the lives of some 35 to 60 million people, including 6 million Jews who died at the hands of the Nazis.
Millions more were injured, and still more lost their homes and property. The legacy of the war would include the spread of communism from the Soviet Union into eastern Europe as well as its eventual triumph in China, and the global shift in power from Europe to two rival superpowers—the United States and the Soviet Union—that would soon face off against each other in the Cold War.
Start your free trial today.The American Economy during World War II. War Administration. From the beginning of preparedness in through the peak of war production in , American leaders recognized that the stakes were too high to permit the war economy to grow in an unfettered, laissez-faire manner.
The American West Transformed: The Impact of the Second. "The Global Great Depression and the Coming of World War II" demonstrates the ways in which the economic crisis of the late s and early s helped to cause and shape the course of the Second World War.
Start studying Americans at War. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. How did America's involvement in World War II impact race relations in the military? The Great Depression and World War 2; The Great Depression and the New Deal.
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Quizlet Learn. Diagrams. Flashcards. World War II, Segregation Abroad and at Home: In the Grip of Segregation: Shot near the beginning of World War II, this photograph documents segregation in the United States.
A Series of laws making it illegal for American to get involved with nations at war. The laws making no distinction aggressors and victims, were repealed after Germany invaded Poland in .
Oct 29, · Watch video · On September 1, , Hitler invaded Poland from the west; two days later, France and Britain declared war on Germany, beginning World War II.