The Parts of a Laboratory Report Introduction: The primary job of any scientific Introduction is to establish the purpose for doing the experiment that is to be reported.
The field trip report must be typed, and include the following: Abstract A short statement, not more than one page, which gives a quick overview of the rest of the report. Introduction The introduction will introduce the reader to important concepts for the report. A review of pertinent literature is a must, and a good review will be a good source of points.
Typically, this might include a hypothesis statement, but since there was no "experiment" done, a hypothesis is not necessary. Although we will all use the same dataset, every report can be really unique because of the literature that you choose to cite in the introduction.
Is there one particular aspect of the report that you like--perhaps the wetlands community, the insects, the crayfish, the water quality? Materials and Methods Unfortunately, many students simply cite "the lab manual" for this section of most of their lab reports.
Fortunately, there was no lab manual for this exercise, and you must write your own materials and methods section. Be sure to also include a discussion of the study site, and feel free to include a map. Include a mention of the formulae for Shannon Index and Evenness. You might choose to cite any handouts or manuals that you received while at the Wetlands Center.
Results Straightforward, but points can be lost here due to poor formatting. When presenting the data set as a graph, be sure to include such important features such as units on your axes, and a clear, easily understood legend.
Include calculations and resulting values for Shannon index and evenness.
See data set below. Discussion Be sure to relate the results to your review of literature. Is what we found what you might expect from the literature that you found?
The strength of your literature cited section will greatly affect the effectiveness of your introduction and discussion sections, so be sure to spend plenty of time finding literature.
For ecology lab, use the Name-Year format. This section of your paper will be graded on quality of sources, as well as their pertinence to your report.
Maximum point yield will occur if all are either primary or secondary literature from scientific journals such as Ecology, Journal of Ecology, Journal of Widlife Management. Generally speaking, sources such as Time, Newsweek, and Scientific American are magazines, and will result in moderate grade reductions.
References to websites will significantly weaken your paper, so avoid getting any information from them. Tips for your literature search: The more time you give yourself, the more complete your bibliography will be.
Galileo has two that are particularly good: Academic Search Premier and Ecology Abstracts.
Each has its own strengths and weaknesses, so use them in combination.The main purpose of writing a lab report, of course, is not to contribute to the knowledge of the field; but to provide you the opportunity for learning.Ý That's why it's important to begin the lab by establishing that learning context.Ý The learning context provides a way for you to situate the lab report within the overall purpose for doing.
Below are links to five sample field trip reports. They are actual student reports in their original form (no editing or spelling correction), except that .
If you are taking a biology course, you'll need to write biology lab reports. Learn how to use a good format to properly write a lab report. course, you'll need to write biology lab reports. Learn how to use a good format to properly write a lab report.
How to Format a Biology Lab Report. Search the site GO. Science.
Biology Basics Cells. State the purpose of the work in the form of the hypothesis, question, or problem you investigated; and, Briefly explain your rationale and approach and, whenever possible, the .
All writing should be on only one side of the page, and the reports should be stapled in the upper left-hand corner. The best length is shorter than the maximum, so don't expand a shorter report to reach a five-page limit.
It is important to write concisely. The report must be typed or word-processed. Organizing Academic Research Papers Writing a Field Report Search this Guide Search.
This can also take the form of rough tables or graphs documenting the frequency and type of activities observed. These can be subsequently placed in a more readable format when you write your field report.