Time and again, foreigners forced China to make humiliating concessions. Foreign regiments, armed with modern weapons, consistently defeated entire imperial armies.
If we look at imperialism in Africa, we can identify nine major motivations or reasons for colonization: New sources for raw materials New markets for finished goods Nationalism, or the expansion of European culture Missionary activity, or the expansion of Christianity Strategic military and naval bases A place for excess population to migrate Social and economic opportunities The "White Man's Burden" today regarded as thinly veiled racism Let's explore them in more detail.
It was a source of new raw materials and natural resources, which could be harvested by implementing a labor system African or native American slavery, the encomienda tribute system, An argument against imperialism mita labor lottery, etc.
Thanks to explorers like David Livingstone traveling through the heart of Africa and reporting on his findings, Europeans turned their attention to Africa. Some of the most attractive natural resources in Africa were diamonds, gold, and rubber concentrated mostly in the DRC, or as it was known during the imperial period, the Congo.
Long the industrial powerhouse of the world, Europeans would import raw materials and natural resources from their colonies, process and manufacture them, and resell the finished goods back to settlements in the colonies.
As European countries fought for more land because land was moneythey scrambled for new colonies in Africa. Part of this was because of the desire to share in global profits, but another reason was nationalistic: Northern Africa had been Islamic since the Umayyads, African Kings and nomadic Berber peoples of Northern Africa, adopted and spread the religion beginning in the eighth and ninth centuries.
Europeans had always hoped to find Christian kingdoms in Africa, which is what prompted some Portuguese explorers in the fifteenth century to make so many stops in Africa on their way to the Spice Islands. New colonies in Africa would not only make Europeans richer but also help spread Christianity.
England, for instance, took control of the Cape of Good Hope the southern tip of Africaand after fighting the Ottomans, the Suez Canal.
Both of these were key to controlling trade between Europe and the Indian Ocean. By controlling the southern tip, the British navy could control ships traveling around Africa, and by controlling the Suez Canal, the British could control ships hoping to cut directly from the Mediterranean Sea into the Red Sea and Indian Ocean.
For the British, controlling trade was about dominating the global economy. While not one of the main motivations for colonization, this does account for some immigration into African settlements, which ties into the next motivation: Much like the original settlers who came to the new British colonies in North America, some traveled to Africa to make new economic opportunities out of the wealth in natural resources and raw materials.
Some Europeans felt that the African states and cultures were not as civilized as the Western world because they did not possess the technology that their northern counterparts had.
Author Jared Diamond argues that this phenomenon had nothing to do with any ethnic group being inferior; it occurred instead because the natural resources available in Africa differed markedly from those available in Europe.
For more about this theory, read Guns, Germs and Steel. In order to "civilize" the Africans, some Europeans felt it was their duty, the "White Man's Burden," to colonize and westernize the Africans. As far as reasons against imperialism in Africa, David Livingstone, the famous English explorer who inadvertently inspired European nations to colonize Africa, was vehemently against the idea of colonization.
He valued African culture and its landmarks, and when approached by American journalist Henry Stanley to help set up imperial colonies, Livingstone refused to help. Generally, there were few Europeans advocating arguments against imperialism in Africa.
This image has been Flagged as inappropriate Click to unflag Image 1 of 2 This image has been Flagged as inappropriate Click to unflag Image 2 of 2.To a lesser extent, the United States practiced imperialism, butit paled against the empires built by the French and the British;and D.
The slogan of "white man's burden" came into being in Anti-imperialism in political science and international relations is a term used in a variety of contexts, usually by nationalist movements who want to secede from a larger polity (usually in the form of an empire, but also in a multi-ethnic sovereign state) or as a specific theory opposed to capitalism in Marxist–Leninist discourse, derived from Vladimir Lenin's work Imperialism, the.
The quotations are divided into little subcategories. Unless stated otherwise, they are all by Malcolm X. By Any Means Necessary. In recent years, critical journalists and scholars of climate change and society have urged academics and activists to understand climate change through the lens of class power.
THERE is a view even in Left circles in the advanced capitalist countries that imperialism as a conceptual category has lost its relevance in the era of globalisation.
On the one hand, the big bourgeoisies in third world countries like India, are themselves so deeply integrated into the project of.
The American Anti-Imperialist League was an organization established on June 15, , to battle the American annexation of the Philippines as an insular area. The anti-imperialists opposed expansion, believing that imperialism violated the fundamental principle that just republican government must derive from " consent of the governed.".