An analysis of the russian revolution in the book animal farm by george orwell

Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. Retelling the story of the emergence and development of Soviet communism in the form of an animal fable, Animal Farm allegorizes the rise to power of the dictator Joseph Stalin. In the novella, the overthrow of the human oppressor Mr.

An analysis of the russian revolution in the book animal farm by george orwell

Many of the characters and events of Orwell's novel parallel those of the Russian Revolution: His rule was marked by his insistence that he was the uncontestable ruler of the nation. During his reign, the Russian people experienced terrible poverty and upheaval, marked by the Bloody Sunday massacre in when unarmed protesters demanding social reforms were shot down by the army near Nicholas' palace.

As the animals under Jones lead lives of hunger and want, the lives of millions of Russians worsened during Nicholas' reign.

When Russia entered World War I and subsequently lost more men than any country in any previous war, the outraged and desperate people began a series of strikes and mutinies that signaled the end of Tsarist control. When his own generals withdrew their support of him, Nicholas abdicated his throne in the hopes of avoiding an all-out civil war — but the civil war arrived in the form of the Bolshevik Revolution, when Nicholas, like Jones, was removed from his place of rule and then died shortly thereafter.

Leninthe leader of the Bolshevik Party that seized control in the Revolution. As old Major outlines the principles of Animalism, a theory holding that all animals are equal and must revolt against their oppressors, Lenin was inspired by Karl Marx's theory of Communism, which urges the "workers of the world" to unite against their economic oppressors.

As Animalism imagines a world where all animals share in the prosperity of the farm, Communism argues that a "communal" way of life will allow all people to live lives of economic equality. He is widely believed to have been responsible for giving the order to kill Nicholas and his family after the Bolsheviks had gained control.

Lenin was responsible for changing Russia into the U. One of Lenin's allies was Leon Trotskyanother Marxist thinker who participated in a number of revolutionary demonstrations and uprisings. His counterpart in Animal Farm is Snowball, who, like Trotsky, felt that a worldwide series of rebellions was necessary to achieve the revolution's ultimate aims.

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Snowball's plans for the windmill and programs reflect Trotsky's intellectual character and ideas about the best ways to transform Marx's theories into practice.

Trotsky was also the leader of Lenin's Red Army, as Snowball directs the army of animals that repel Jones. Eventually, Trotsky was exiled from the U.

Like Napoleon, Stalin was unconcerned with debates and ideas. Instead, he valued power for its own sake and by had assumed complete control of the Communist Party through acts of terror and brutality.

Napoleon's dogs are like Stalin's KGB, his secret police that he used to eliminate all opposition. As Napoleon gains control under the guise of improving the animals' lives, Stalin used a great deal of propaganda — symbolized by Squealer in the novel — to present himself as an idealist working for change.

SparkNotes: Animal Farm: Character List

His plan to build the windmill reflects Stalin's Five Year Plan for revitalizing the nation's industry and agriculture.

Stalin's ordering Lenin's body to be placed in the shrine-like Lenin's Tomb parallels Napoleon's unearthing of old Major's skull, and his creation of the Order of the Green Banner parallels Stalin's creation of the Order of Lenin. Thanks, in part, to animals like Boxer who swallow whole all of their leader's liesStalin became one of the world's most feared and brutal dictators.

Numerous events in the novel are based on ones that occurred during Stalin's rule. Jones ; Frederick represents Adolf Hitlerwho forged an alliance with Stalin in — but who then found himself fighting Stalin's army in Frederick seems like an ally of Napoleon's, but his forged banknotes reveal his true character.

The confessions and executions of the animals reflect the various purges and "show trials" that Stalin conducted to rid himself of any possible threat of dissention.

Inthe sailors at the Kronshdadt military base unsuccessfully rebelled against Communist rule, as the hens attempt to rebel against Napoleon. The Battle of the Windmill reflects the U. Roosevelt met to discuss the ways to forge a lasting peace after the war — a peace that Orwell mocks by having Napoleon and Pilkington flatter each other and then betray their duplicitous natures by cheating in the card game.“Animal Farm” is a classic fable written by George Orwell, who is also the author of the book “”.

Its satirical nature and its brutally accurate depiction of the political world is what makes it a must-read. Set in a farm initially ruled by humans, the book tells the story of the animals.

A summary of Chapter I in George Orwell's Animal Farm. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Animal Farm and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. In the well-renowned fable Animal Farm by George Orwell the Old Major’s Dream, the construction(s) of the windmill and Napoleon himself are all symbolic representations of the Russian Revolution.

Old Major’s Dream blatantly represents Karl Marx’s Communist Manifesto. Animal Farm is an allegory, which is a story in which concrete and specific characters and situations stand for other characters and situations so as to make a point about them.

An analysis of the russian revolution in the book animal farm by george orwell

The main action of Animal Farm stands for the Russian Revolution of and the early years of the Soviet Union. One of Orwell's goals in writing Animal Farm was to portray the Russian (or Bolshevik) Revolution of as one that resulted in a government more oppressive, totalitarian, and deadly than the one it overthrew.

A Russian translation was printed in the paper Posev, and in giving permission for a Russian translation of Animal Farm, Orwell refused in advance all royalties. A translation in Ukrainian, which was produced in Germany, was confiscated in large part by the American wartime authorities and handed over to the Soviet repatriation commission.

Animal Farm By George Orwell, Free PDF, ebook | Global Grey